Prehab Sports Medicine and physical therapy specializes preventing, diagnosing, and treating injuries related to participating in sports and/or exercise – specifically injuries to the bones, muscles, ligaments, joints, or tendons caused by engaging in physical activities.
The following is a list of common Sports Injuries that Prehab Sports Medicine takes care of on a regular basis:
Achilles Tendonitis Injury:
Achilles Tendonitis, is an inflammation of the tendon in the heel of your foot, usually due to overuse, such as frequent jumping in basketball or volleyball.
ACL or MCL Knee Injury:
Is a tearing of the ligament in your knee – this will make your knee feel unstable or “loose” hindering your ability to participate in sports and everyday activities. This is commonly seen in athletes who participate in ball sports: basketball. soccer, lacrosse etc.
A painful condition that affects the small fluid filled sacs called “bursae” that act as cushions between your bones and the tendons and muscles near your joints. Bursitis occurs when the bursae become inflamed. The most common location is in the hips, elbow and shoulders.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:
The carpal tunnel is a narrow passage way located on the palm side of your wrist. This tunnel protects a main nerve to your hand and the tendons that bend your fingers. Pressure placed on the nerve can produce pain, numbness, and weakness in the hand over time.
Frozen shoulder also known as adhesive capsulitis is a condition characterized by stiffness, pain and gradual loss of motion in the shoulder joint.
A muscle cramp is a painful, involuntary muscle contraction. This is sometimes referred to as a Charley Horse. Muscle cramps are also referred to as muscle spasms.
Muscle Strain or Pull:
When a sudden, severe force is applied to the muscle and is stretched beyond what they were design to do. If only some of the fibers tear, that is a muscle pull. If most of the fibers tear, that is a muscle tear.
This is the most common form of arthritis also known as degenerative joint disease. It occurs when the smooth cartilage between joint surfaces wears down overtime.
Plantar Fasciitis or Foot Arch Pain:
This is one of the most common causes of heel pain, when the arch pad is over-stretched or partially teared. It involves inflammation of a thick band of tissue, called the plantar fascia, which runs across the bottom of your foot connecting your heel bone to your toes. Pain is felt when weight is put on the foot, when pushing off, or upon rising or after sitting for a long while.
Rotator Cuff or Thrower’s Shoulder:
The rotator cuff is made up of the muscles and tendons in your shoulder. A rotator cuff injury includes any type of irritation or damage to these muscles or tendons. Causes of this injury may include falling, lifting, or repetitive arm activities especially those done overhead, such as throwing a baseball.
This term refers to pain along the shin bone, or tibia – the large bone in the front of your leg. The pain is caused by an overload on the tibia and the connective tissues that attach your muscles to the bone.
A stretching or tearing of ligaments – the tough fibrous band that connects one bone to another in your joints. The most common location for a sprain is your ankle.
Stress fractures are tiny cracks in a bone caused by the repetitive applilcation of force, often by overuse–such as repeatedly jumping up and down or running long distances. Stress fractures also can aise from normal use of a bone that’s been weakened by a condition such as osteoporosis. Stress fractures are most common in the weight-bearing bones of the lower leg and foot.
Tendonitis or Tennis Elbow:
Inflammation or irritation of a tendon, the thick fibrous cords that attach muscles to bones. This condition presents itself with pain and tenderness and is usually caused by overuse of a weak or tight muscle. Some of the more common areas where this occurs is the elbow (Tennis, or Golfer’s elbow) and the lower leg (Patella tendonitis and Achilles tendonitis).
A torn meniscus is an injury to one or more of the two “C” shaped pieces of cartilage in each of your knee joints. Any activity that causes you to forcefully twist or rotate your knee especially when weightbearing can lead to this injury.